In Internet slanga troll is someone who posts inflammatory, [ 2 ] extraneousor off-topic messages in an online community, such as a forum, chat room, or blog, with the primary intent of provoking readers into an emotional response [ 3 ] or of otherwise disrupting normal on-topic discussion. While the word troll and its associated verb trolling are associated with Internet discourse, media attention in recent years has made such labels subjectivewith trolling describing intentionally provocative actions and harassment outside of an online context. For example, mass media has used troll to describe "a person who defaces Internet tribute sites with the aim of causing grief to families.
It has been asserted that the verb to troll originates from Old French trollera hunting term. In modern English usage, the verb to troll describes a fishing technique of slowly dragging a lure or baited hook from a moving boat. A similar but distinct verb, "to trawl," describes the act of dragging a fishing net not a line. Whereas trolling with a fishing line is recreational, trawling with a net is generally a commercial activity. The noun troll comes from the Old Norse word for a mythological monster. The contemporary use of the term is alleged to have appeared on the Internet in the late s, [ 9 ] but the earliest known example is from The most likely derivation of the word troll can be found in the phrase "trolling for newbies", popularized in the early s in the Usenet group, alt. For example, a veteran of the group might make a post on the common misconception that glass flows over time. These types of trolls served as a practice to identify group insiders. This definition of trolling, considerably narrower than the modern understanding of the term, was considered a positive contribution. By the late s, alt. Others expanded the term to include the practice of playing a seriously misinformed or deluded user, even in newsgroups where one was not a regular; these were often attempts at humor rather than provocation. In such contexts, the noun troll usually referred to an act of trolling, rather than to the author. Both terms originate from Taiwanand are also used in Hong Kong and mainland China. A person who recognizes the troll after having responded or, in case of a post title nak-si, having read the actual post would often refer to himself as a caught fish. The terms are explained by an adage or popular saying: The term literally refers to a closely cropped hairstyle worn by most school boys in Thailand, thus equating Internet trolls to school boys. Early incidences of trolling were considered to be the same as flamingbut this has changed with modern usage by the news media to refer to the creation of any content that targets another person.
The Internet dictionary NetLingo suggests there are four grades of trolling: They want it to kick off. They want to promote antipathetic emotions of disgust and outrage, which morbidly gives them a sense of pleasure. In academic literaturethe practice of trolling was first documented by Judith Donath Donath provides a concise overview of identity deception games which trade on the confusion between physical and epistemic community:. Susan Herring and colleagues in "Searching for Safety Online: In an effort to reduce uncivil behavior by increasing accountability, many web sites e. ReutersFacebookand Gizmodo now require commenters to register their names and e-mail addresses. A concern troll is a false flag pseudonym created by a user whose actual point of view is opposed to the one that the user claims to hold. The goal is to sow fear, uncertainty and doubt within the group. Although the term "concern troll" originated in discussions of online behavior, it now sees increasing use to describe similar behaviors that take place offline. The concern trolls in question were not Internet participants; they were Republicans offering public advice and warnings to the Democrats. The author defines "concern trolling" as "offering a poisoned apple in the form of advice to political opponents that, if taken, would harm the recipient". While many webmasters and forum administrators consider trolls a scourge on their sites, some websites welcome them. For example, a New York Times article discussed troll activity at 4chan and at Encyclopedia Dramaticawhich it described as "an online compendium of troll humor and troll lore". These trolls feed off the reactions of their victims because "their agenda is to take delight in causing trouble". Mainstream media outlets have focused their attention on the willingness of some Internet trolls to go to extreme lengths in their attempts at eliciting reactions. Shortly after the suicide of high school student Alexis Pilkington, anonymous posters began trolling for reactions across various message boards, referring to Pilkington as a "suicidal slut", and posting graphic images on her Facebook memorial page. In Februarythe Australian government became involved after trolls defaced the Facebook tribute pages of murdered children Trinity Bates and Elliott Fletcher. Australian communications minister Stephen Conroy decried the attacks, committed mainly by 4chan users, as evidence of the need for greater Internet regulation, stating, "This argument that the Internet is some mystical creation that no laws should apply to, that is a recipe for anarchy and the wild west.
In the wake of these events, Facebook responded by strongly urging administrators to be aware of ways to ban users and remove inappropriate content from Facebook pages. In the United Kingdom, contributions made to the Internet are covered by the Communications Act Sending messages which are "grossly offensive or of an indecent, obscene or menacing character" is an offense whether they are received by the intended recipient or not. In the case of teenager, Natasha MacBryde, who died a tragic death, the troll of her testimonial page, Sean Duffy, was sentenced to 18 weeks in prison and banned from using social networking sites for five years. Application of the term troll is subjective. Some readers may characterize a post as trollingwhile others may regard the same post as a legitimate contribution to the discussion, even if controversial. Like any pejorative term, it can be used as an ad hominem attack, suggesting a negative motivation. Regardless of the circumstances, controversial posts may attract a particularly strong response from those unfamiliar with the robust dialogue found in some online, rather than physical, communities. As reported on April 8,investors became victims of trolling via an online financial discussion regarding PairGain, a telephone equipment company based in California. However, the stock promptly crashed after the reports were identified as false. So-called Gold Membership trolling originated in on 4chan boards, users posting fake images claiming to offer upgraded 4chan account privileges; without a "Gold" account, one could not view certain content. This turned out to be a hoax designed to fool board members, especially newcomers. It was copied and became an Internet meme. In some cases, this type of troll has been used as a scam, most notably on Facebook, where fake Facebook Gold Account upgrade ads have proliferated in order to link users to dubious websites and other content. The case of Zeran v.
Six days after the Oklahoma City bombinganonymous users posted advertisements for shirts celebrating the bombing on AOL message boards, claiming that the shirts could be obtained by contacting Mr. Zeran was subsequently harassed. Anti-Scientology protests by Anonymouscommonly known as Project Chanologyare sometimes labeled as "trolling" by media such as Wired[ 38 ] and the participants sometimes explicitly self-identify as "trolls". This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors see full disclaimer. A windows pop-into of information full-content of Sensagent triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites.
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Definition of 'troll'
Definition of troll
Trolling is a game about identity deception, albeit one that is played without the consent of most of the players. Trolls can be costly in several ways. A troll can disrupt the discussion on a newsgroup, disseminate bad advice, and damage the feeling of trust in the newsgroup community. This can be quite off-putting to the new user who upon venturing a first posting is immediately bombarded with angry accusations. These Do-Nothings profess a commitment to social change for ideals of justice, equality, and opportunity, and then abstain from and discourage all effective action for change. Retrieved 15 April University Information Technology Services Indiana University Knowledge Base. The Trustees of Indiana University. The Courier Mail Australia. Retrieved on April 4, Retrieved 7 January .